Sephardim

A Research Tool for
Sephardic Genealogy / Jewish Genealogy

by Harry Stein
Una Herramienta de Busqueda de Genealogia Sefardita/Judia.
Informacoes e genealogia Judaica.
We changed the face of Sephardic genealogy research.
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Iberia
This site is a research tool for Sephardic and Jewish genealogy. We attempt to cover many facets of Sephardic culture and attempt to add new information daily. If you have any suggestions, comments, or corrections, wish to link or report a broken link, please send your comments to:
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Last updated: 04/23/14

 

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                  TABLE OF CONTENTS

  YOUR JOURNEY INTO SEPHARDIC GENEALOGY BEGINS HERE

                   TO OPEN A SECTION, CLICK ON THE TITLE

SECTION I:     SEPHARDIC NAMES SEARCH ENGINE (Buscar) 
SECTION II:    SEPHARDIC NAMES TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH.
SECTION III:   A LETTER FROM THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
SECTION IV:   SEPHARDIC RECIPES (Recetas)
SECTION V:    SEPHARDIC FACTS AND LORE (Datos y Saber)
SECTION VI:   FAMILY HERALDRY AND ORIGINS (Heraldica y Origen)
SECTION VII:  HOW TO RESEARCH YOUR FAMILY LINE.
SECTION VIII: SEPHARDIC LINKS. (Enlaces)
SECTION  IX:  SEPHARDIC GENEALOGY BY DNA
SECTION X:    THE FORUM AT SEPHARDIM.COM
SECTION XI:   CENTRAL DATA BASE OF HOLOCAUST VICTIMS

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Le sujet de ce forum est la recherche généalogique des sépharades, des anusim et des convertis avec leur récit historique. S'il vous plaît, joignez librement notre forum et participez ou bien restez en retrait pour apprendre. Vous recevrez dans votre ordinateur chaque message envoyé et reçu par le forum. Votre participation est gratuite. Pour joindre le forum, merci de bien vouloir inscrire votre address e-male et de cliquer sur le logo au-dessus. Si vous voulez envoyer un message au forum enregistrez-le d'abord, alord cliquez:
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O objectivo deste forum, e a investigacao genealogica sefardita, anusim e Crista-conversa, assim como toda a historia que a ela se associa. Convidamo-lo(a) portanto a entrar em dialogo conosco, contribuir informacao, fazendo perguntas ou simplesmente como observador, aprendendo a distancia. Para fazer parte do nosso forum, basta simplesmente enviar-nos o seu e mail (endereco electronico) e depois fazer Click na:
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SECTION I
CONCISE HISTORY OF THE SEPHARDIM.

When the Roman Legions overran the Jewish nation, much of the Jewish population was sent into exile throughout the Roman Empire. Many were sent to the IBERIAN peninsula. The area became known by the Hebrew word SEPHARD meaning "far away". The JEWS in SPAIN and PORTUGAL became known as SEPHARDIM or SEPHARDI, and those things associated with the SEPHARDIM including names, customs, genealogy and religious rites, became known as SEPHARDIC. Sephardic names were well developed in Aragon by the year 1213.  (Note reference 22, below.) Many of the names were of Hebrew derivation.   A much lesser number were composed of a first name and a geographic location, many times the result of conversion.  The Jewish nation in Iberia, numbering approximately 750,000 in the year 1492, were banished from Spain by royal decree of Ferdinand and Isabella. (Ferdinand's grandmother was Jewish.) (For a description of the 1492 expulsion as written in 1495, see the link in Section IV, Lore) The Jews of Portugal, were banished by royal decree several years later. Relief from the banishment decrees and restoration of civil rights was promised to those Jews who remained and converted to Catholicism. These converts were called CONVERSOS or MARRANOS (converts or pigs in Spanish) and ANUSIM (forced ones in Hebrew). Some of the Jewish population converted in name only, other converted by choice. All of the Jews, whether those who left the country with their Jewish religious beliefs intact, and those that were converted are described as being SEPHARDIM or being of SEPHARDIC heritage. Many of the SEPHARDIM left Spain after conversion because life as a "new Christian" or Marrano was not as promised. "Clean Blood" laws were established to deny the "new Christian" the same civil rights as the "old Christian". Many left the Iberian peninsula where some reverted, and others did not. The converted population that remained under the influence of Spanish or Portuguese control or the control of countries heavily influenced by the Catholic Church could not openly revert to Judaism for fear of punishment inflicted by the inquisition. The punishment for reversion or secret adherence varied from humiliation to death by fire. Many Hispanics today practice Jewish customs without knowing the source. Many are still secret Jews.

The names listed on this site have been identified as Sephardic by civil and religious records and creditable authors. These names have been used by Spanish and Portuguese Jews and conversos and many are found today, world wide in Hispanic and Sephardic communities and references.  Some names may no longer exist in their old form.  While not an expert in patronymics, some names, such as ABRAVANEL are unmistakably of Hebrew origin. Other names, such as IBN YAHIA, appear to be of Arabic origin. Still other names such as CASTRO and FRANCO appear to be of Hispanic origin, the vast majority of these names belonged to Jews at the time of expulsion. Still other names (conversion names or Christian names) were assigned to Jews at conversion, such as DE SEVILLA and SANTA MARIA. Many of these names were the family names of the Christian "sponsors".


Many of the names have been changed in the course of migration from one country to another, such as Pena to Penha. Other names have incorporated a prefix such as D', Da, De, or Do, with the surname, so that D'Avila could be spelled DAVILA. Other names normally found with a prefix, may be listed with or without the prefix. For example, d' ANDRADE, da ANDRADE, de ANDRADE, may be listed as ANDRADE or ANDRADE 'D. The following prefixes may sometime be interchangeable; Aben, Ibn, Aven, Avin and Ben. These prefixes may be found separated or attached to the stem name. It would be prudent to search for names both with and without prefixes.

One should check for variations in spelling.  For example, the names Sejas, Cejas, Aceijas, Seixas, Aseixas, Acejas, Acezas, Asexas, Azeixas, and Xexas are considered variants of the same name. It should also be noted that many Sephardim who left the Iberian Peninsula and practiced Judaism, changed their names and used aliases to protect their families who remained in Spain and Portugal.

Some individuals insist that all names ending in ez in Spain and es (meaning son of) elsewhere, denote Sephardic heritage. This is may or may not be the case.

Not all individuals bearing these names may be SEPHARDIM, or of SEPHARDIC origin, nor are they necessarily Jewish or secret Jews. The authors of references from which names were extracted have identified the names as Jewish at one time. No inference is made that Hispanics carrying the names found below are Jewish. We have added a DNA capability to explore the ethnic origin of Anusim/Sephardic/Jewish names. The names on this site are provided only as an aid to genealogical research. Many of the references listed on this site can be obtained through your municipal public library system or through the Inter-library Loan program or purchased from a commercial firm on this site. Please understand that while names are the most important clue to one's religious ancestry, names are not the only clue. NAMES ALONE ARE NOT THE ONLY  CLUE . Confirming information is required to be sure.

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The Sephardic names listed on this site are taken form the references listed below. The names are in alphabetical order. Beside each listing is a number or series of numbers and letters enclosed in parenthesis such as (2) (6A) (9) (29). These numbers correspond to the references listed below where the names were found. The authors of these works have identified the names as being held by Sephardim. The reference code is listed below.

NAMES FOUND ON THIS SITE ARE TAKEN FROM THE FOLLOWING REFERENCES


(*) Name for which a coat of arms, crest.or history has been found and will be published in SECTION Vl, Heraldry.
(+) Known or suspected converso families (as opposed to individual conversos).  Most anyone appearing before the inquisition was a converso because the inquisition, by definition, had no power over the Jewish population.  They did have control over "New Christians" or conversos.
(~) Up load completed

(0) Self identified
(1) From the civil records of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.(~)
(2) From the records of Bevis Marks, The Spanish and Portuguese Congregation of London.(~)
(3) From the burial register of Bethahaim Velho Cemetery, Published by the Jewish Historical Society of England.(~)
(4) From the book, "History of the Jews in Venice", by Cecil Roth.(~)
(5) Sephardic names extracted from the book, "Finding Our Fathers", by Dan Rottenberg. Each name is followed by a short biography and references for additional information.  This book is a fine reference for those interested in learning Jewish genealogy research.  The publication explains how and where to conduct research and can be purchased on this site through Amazon.com
(6) From the book, " The Inquisitors and the Jews in the New World", by Seymour B. Liebman.(~)
(6a) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in the New Spain.(~)
(6b) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in New Granada.(~)
(6c) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in El Peru.(~)
(6d) Reports the names of people who appeared before the inquisition in Rio de La Plata.(~)
(7) From the book, "A History of the Marranos", by Cecil Roth.(~)
(8) From the book, "Jews in Colonial Brazil", by Arnold Wizhitzer.(~)
(9) From the book, "Precious Stones of the Jews of Curacao Jewry 1657-1957.(~)
(10) From the book, "The Jews of Rhodes", by Marc D. Angel.(~)
(11) List of (mostly) Sephardic brides from the publication, "List of 7300 Names of Jewish Brides and Grooms who married in Izmir Between the Years 1883-1901 & 1918-1933.(~)
(12) List of (mostly) Sephardic grooms from the publication listed above.(Izmir lists provided by Dov Cohen, Nof Ayalon Israel). Email address dkcohen@neto.net.il(~)
13) From the book, "The Jews of New Spain", by Seymour B. Liebman.(~)
(14) From the publication, "Los Sefardes", by Jose M. Estrugo. Published by Editorial Lex La Habana, 1958. (Apellidos corrientes entre los Sephardies)(~)
(15) From the book, "The Jews of the Balkans, The Judeo-Spanish Community , 15th to 20th Centuries", by Esther Benbassa and Aron Rodrigue.(~)
(16) From the book, "The Sephardic Jews of Bordeaux", by Frances Malino.(~)
(17) From the book, "Hebrews of the Portuguese Nation", by Miriam Bodian.(~)
(18) From the book, "The Sephardim of England", by Albert M. Hyamson.(~)
(19) From Vol. 1, "A History of the Jews in Christian Spain", by Yitzhak Baer. (19a) Volume II.(~)
(20) From the book, "A Life of Menasseh Ben Israel", by Cecil Roth. This book contains names from the Sephardic community of greater Amsterdam. Amsterdam was a major haven and transfer point for Sephardim and Morranos leaving Iberia.(~)
(21) From the book, "Crisis and Creativity in the Sephardic World: 1391-1648", by Gampel. This book lists Sephardic movers and shakers during the period.(~)
(22) From the book, "History of the Jews in Aragon", by Regne. Essentially a series of royal decrees by the House of Aragon. It contains Sephardic names recorded during the period 1213-1327. By this time family names were well developed. Be prepared for a challenge as you attempt to derive the modern equivalents for these 800 year old names. Prefixes such as Aben, Ibn, Aven, Avin, Ben and etc. are attached to the stemsof many names.If your people came from Aragon, and you cannot find the name in this list, I recommend to attach a prefix and look for it in that way. In addition, the spelling of many of the stems have changed with time. Some names (Adret, Cavalleria) exist to this date unchanged. This reference will introduce many new names and/or many new spellings to known names. (22c) indicates those names that are identified as converso names in the records. Suerte!(~)
(23) From the book, "Secrecy and Deceit: The Religion of theCrypto-Jews", by David Gitlitz. The names of the Sephardim (and their residences) mentioned were, sometimes, involved with the inquisition. There were other names which are not listed here because the author did not identify those names as Sephardic.(~)
(24) From the Ph.D. Dissertation of Michelle M. Terrill, "The Historical Archaeology of the 17th and 18th-Century Jewish Community of Nevis, British West Indies", Boston Univesity, 2000.(~)
(25) From the book, "The Jews of Jamaica", by Richard D. Barnett and Philip Wright. This book contains tombstone inscriptions and dates of death from 1663-1880. Only names that appeared Sephardic are included here.(~)
(26) From the book, "Die Sefarden in Hamburg" (The Sephardim in Hamburg [Germany]) by Michael Studemund-Halevy. German names are due to inter marriage(~)
(27) From the book, "Historia de la Comunidad Isralelita de Chile", by Moshe Nes-El.(~)
(28) From the book, "Judios Conversos" (Jewish Converts) by Mario Javier Saban. Los antepasados Judios de las familias Argentinas. This work contains many Sephardic names and family trees within its 3 volumes. Many of the individuals listed appeared before the inquistion and were secret Jews. Some later converted and intermarried. The description "Jew "and "Portuguese" appear to be used interchangeably. Only those names that were identified as Sephardic Jews or descendant from Sephardic Jews or in some cases, new Christians that married into Sephardic families are listed here. It is possible that some Sephardic names not well identified are not listed. If you have Sephardic/Portuguese family roots in early Argentina, research these volumes. Many of the names listed here represent the famous names of Jewish/Sephardic Argentina. Wonderful family trees, well detailed, are provided in the three volumes.(~)
(28a) List of Portuguese Jews expelled from Buenos Aries, 1603. The list also contains the name of the vessel and date of arrival in Argentina. Los "Portugueses" Judaizantes expulsados de Buenas Aires.(~)
(28b) "Portuguese" of Santiago del Estro. The list provides the year of arrival and entry point into Argentina. Apellidos de los Portugueses de Santiago del Estero.(~)
(28c) "Portuguese" of Cordoba. Apellidos de los Portugueses de Cordoba. The list provides the entry point and the year of arrival.(~)
(28d) "Portuguese" of San Miguel de Tucuman. The book provides the entry and the year of arrival in Argentina.(~)
(28e) "Portuguese" of Talavera (1607). The list provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)
(28f) "Portuguese" of La Rioja. The list provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)
(28g) "Portuguese" of Salta. The book provides the entry point and the year of arrival.(~)
(28h) "Portuguese" of Villa de Madrid de las Juntas. The book provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)
(28i) "Portuguese" of Jujuy. The book provides the entry point and the year of arrival.
(28j) "Portuguese" registered in Santa Fe in 1643. The book provides entry point and the year of arrival.(~)
(28k) List of names of those Sephardim expelled from Santa Fe. The book provides the place of birth and the year of arrival.(~)
(28l) Jewish Portuguese families of Rio de la Plata.(~)
(28m) Sephardic names in the records of the Auto de Fe of Lima in 1639.(~)
(28n) The Oliver-Cavia family, descendants of the Jewish house of Ha-Levi Benveniste originally from Spain.(~)
(28o) List of the "Portuguese" of Corrientes in the year 1643. Book provides age and place of birth.(~)
(29) "Sangre Judia" ("Jewish Blood") by Pere Bonnin. A list of 3,500 names used by Jews, or assigned to Jews by the Holy Office (la Santo Oficio) of Spain. The list is a result of a census of Jewish communities of Spain by the Catholic Church and as found in inquisition records. Los Apellidos estan sacados de las listas de penitenciados por el Santo Oficio, de los censos de las juderias y de otras fuentes que indican claramente que la persona portadora del apellido es judia o judeoconversa. Tiene Vd. sangre judia? (~)
(30) "Raizes Judaicas No Brasil" by Flavio Mendes Carvalho. This book contains names of Sephardim involved in the inquisition in Brazil. Many times date of birth, occupation, name of parents, age, and location of domicile are also included. Included in this list are the names of the relatives of the victims. Many of the victims were tortured to death or exiled so their lines might end here.(~)
(31) Sephardic names from the magazine "ETSI". Most of the names are from (but not limited to) France and North Africa. Published by Laurence Abensur-Hazan and Philip Abensur. Subscriptions are available. If your family comes from the area served by ETSI, this magazine is worth while. <http://www.geocities.com/EnchantedForest/1321> (31/volume number/issue number) For example (31/3/8) = Esti volume 3, issue8. (~)
(32) Sephardic surnames from the classic book "Genealogia Hebraica: Portugal e Gibraltar", by Jose Maria Abecassis. This book contains a list of names of Sephardim families that returned to Portugal and Gibralter after hundreds of years of expulsion. Family trees are included for many of the families. (~)
(33) Sephardic names from the Jewish Historical Society of England. List of names provided by David Ferdinando david.ferdinando@virgin.net. (~)
(33a) "The First English Jew", by Lucien Wolf. (~)
(33b) "Crypo-Jews under the Commonweath", by Lucien Wolf. (~)
(33c) "The Jewery of the Restoration", by Lucien Wolf.(~)
(33d) "The Cemetery of the Resettlement", by Master A.S. Diamond. (~)
(33e) "Foreign Trade of London Jews in the 17th Century", by Maurice Woolf.
(33f) "The Community of the Resettlement 1656-84 - A Social Survey:, by A.S. Diamond. (~)
(33g) "Maria Fernandez de Carvajal" by Lucien Wolf. (~)
(33h) "Carvajal and Pepys", by Wilfred Samuel. (~)
(33i) Extracts from "Jews of the Canary Islands", ed. Lucien Wolf. (~)
(33j) "Process of Antao Rodigues Lindo, Native of Badajoz, Kingdom of Castile". (~)
(34) From the book, "In Sure Dwellings: A Journey From Expulsion to Assimilation", by Margot F. Salom. The names are extracted from the research of an Austalian, Ms. Salom, into the her family. The names have been provided by the author. The book may be purchased form Seaview Press. FP 2000, Adelaide, 5th Australia. The author's email address is Abshl@powerup.com.au. (~)
(35) From the book "Histoire des Juifs de Rhodes, Chio, Cos, etc, by Abraham Galante. The names were extracted and provided by Daniel Kazez dkazez@mail.wittenberg.edu.(~)
(36) Sephardic names extracted from the book, "Noble Families Among The Sephardic Jews" by Isaac Da Costa, Bertram Brewster, and Cecil Roth. This book provides genealogy information about many of the more famous Sephardic families of Iberia, England and Amsterdam. For those tracing Sephardim from Spain to England or to Amsterdam, this book can be most valuable. Many name changes and aliases are provided. This reference documents the assimilation, name changes and coversion of many Sephardic families in Spain, England and The Netherlands. There is also a large section dealing the the genealogy of the members of Capadose family that converted to Christianity. (~)
(37) Sephardic names from the book, "A Origem Judaica dos Brasileiros", by Jose Geraldo Rodrigues de Alckmin Filho, who personally provided the text. This publication contains a list of 517 Sephardic families punished by the inquisition in Portugal and Brazil. As familias punidas pela Inquidicao em Portugal e no Brasil.. (~)
(38)Names from the book, "El Libro Verde de Aragon" (The Greenbook of Aragon) by Isidoro de las Cagigas.(~)
(38a)  Sephardic names to Converso (New Christian) names.    Sephardic=Converso.|(~)
(38b)  Converso names from Sephardi names.  Converso=Sephardic.(~)
(38c)  Sephardic names of Aragon.(~)
(39)  From ETSI, Volume 4, No.12 dated March 2001, "Aliases in Amsterdam", by Viberke Sealtiel-Olsen, a list of alias names used by Sephardim in Amsterdam.  A wonderful research tool for Sephardic research in Amsterdam.(~)
(39a)  True Sephardic Name=Alias Name (~)
(39b)  Alias Name=True Sephardic Name.(~)
(40)  The Circumcision Register of Isaac and Abraham De Paiba (1715-1775) from the Achives of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews' Congregation of Bevis Marks (London. England). Family names include those circumcised, God fathers, and God mothers. There are also short sections of additional circumcisions 1679-99 (40a), Marriages 1679-89 (40b), and births of daughters 1679-99(40c)  (~)
(41)  "Conversos on Trial" by Haim Bienart.  A well written story of the converso community of Ciudad Real, to include the converso inquisition trials in the mid 15th century.  This book contains a list of names, some times providing the names of relatives, house locations, and professions.  A fine resource for those with ties to Ciudad Real. (~)
(42)  Jewish names contained in Medieval documents from the Kingdom of Murcia.   Apellidos judios en documentos medievales del Reino de Murcia.  Most of these names, if not all, appear to be original Sephardic names not changed by conversion. (~)
(43)  Sephardic names from the site TARAZONA JUDIA.  43 (C) indentifies converso anmes .The site is presented as a memorial to the Jews of TARAZONA. (~) http://idd00bmy.eresmas.net/etarazonajudiaapellidos.html                                                                                                                           (44) From the site, "Los Apellidios Biblicos De Mallorica" (Biblical Names of Mallorca) by Miquel Ferra I Martorell.  This site can be found at http://www.iciba.org.il/archivo/mallorca.html (44C) New Christians or Conversos from Mallorca..
(45) Apellidos de Judios Sefardies (Surnames of the Sephardic Jews) from the site Comunidad Israelita Pincipado de Austurias.  
(46) "Diciionario Sefaradi De Sobrenomes" ("Dictionary of Sephardic Surnames"):  This reference provides thousand of Sephardic names of immigrants to Brazil.  The authors have attempted to provide the ports of departure of these immigrants. The source of this information is also available.

(47) From the book, "SEPHARDIM, The Spirit That Has Withstood the times."  Contains the names of Sephardim from Curacao.

(48) The "Rise and Fall of Paradise",  When Arabs and Jews built a Kingdom in Spain.  Sephardic names.

(49) From the book, "The Expulsion of the Jews from Spain", by Haim Beinart. This reference describes in detail the adventures of Sephardim in escaping the inquisition during the period the expulsion.  Many vignettes. Rich in names and and history at a personal level. Many names in this publication are not recognizable as Jewish.  Only those names recognizable and labeled as Jewish or converso are listed here.  There are many hundreds of other names in the glossary  that deserve your research.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


THIS LIST IS DEDICATED TO THE FAMILY ABRAVANEL, LITERALLY PRINCES AMONG MEN, AND TO THOSE WHO WERE BEATEN, BURNED AND BANISHED.

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